A native app is built to be used on a specific device or platform. Compared to cross-platform apps, they are faster and perform better on the devices and platforms they are developed for. Native applications can also use the advanced technologies on the devices they are specific to.
Web-based applications, on the other hand, are developed to be used across various devices or platforms. As a result, they’re slower and don’t take full advantage of the features found on the devices they’re being used on, both hardware and software.
Native apps are made to be used on the Mac and PCs. On the mobile devices front, they are built for IOS and Android, the main platforms that mobile devices run on. It means an iOS app Development Agency would only build apps to run on IOS devices, and not on any other platform.
Since a native app is made to use the hardware and software of the platform or device it was made for, optimal performance possible. The apps are coded to use the iOS of their particular device, and the device’s pre-installed applications.
Code for Android-native applications is written in Java, while the iOS-native applications are written in Objective-C or even Swift. Because these apps are optimized for a particular platform and device, interchanging them is usually almost impossible. In the case the app needs to be used on a different platform because of a change in the market, the developers have to build a new and different version of the app.
A good example of this incidence is when Facebook used the same code for their app to be used across various platforms and devices. Apple products users reported reduced speed for the Facebook application on their devices. This prompted the developers at Facebook to create a new and separate application for devices running on the iOS platform.
What are the Examples of Native Applications?
They include apps such as Twitter, Waze, and Pokmon Go. They can, as the list shows, be games, programs for navigation, or software for social media access. These apps can make use of various functionalities and hardware capabilities such as a device’s microphone, camera, or even push notifications. The reason is to give the user a better experience in terms of the many functionalities the app is capable of accessing, and to enhance the speed of the software. Native apps can store their data either in the devices they are installed in, or in the cloud, remotely.
What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Native Applications?
• A user interface experience that’s in line with the experience of the device’s operating system
• More functionalities since the app can use all the software and hardware capabilities of the device it sits in
• Enhanced speed and responsiveness of the software being used
• Access to push notifications
• Access to reviews and ratings on app stores to gauge the app’s experience with other users and, therefore, assurance of its quality
• A great deal of time is spent developing the apps
• Higher costs to cater for the many developers needed to write code for each platform and device
• Updates are multiple because of the different versions of the native app for the different platforms and devices
Native Applications vs. Web-Based Applications
In contrast with native apps, web apps are not downloadable. Users use them remotely instead, through a browser and network. Web apps are also written in a code that is universally accessible across platforms and browsers. They can be written in either Java or CSS. Web apps can also be coded in standard HTML, allowing them to be used on different browsers.
Web apps are simple to create. They’re less costly and take less time to build since they require only one code base. The downside to them is that they’re not as fast as native apps. Their versatility is also not on the level of native apps.
Hybrid apps are a native app and web-based app combined. They’re installed in the native device, just like native apps. Hybrid apps can access all the hardware and software of the device they’re installed in such as the microphone, GPS, and camera. An example of a hybrid app is Instagram.
Native apps are more versatile compared to web apps. Hybrid apps are even better since they combine the advantages of both native and web apps for a user experience that’s more enhanced.